Eric Clapton’s 1964 Gibson ES-335TDC
According to Eric, he acquired this guitar sometime in 1964 from the money earned while playing with the Yardbirds. However, according to the photographic evidence, and based on the info from Eric himself, the guitar wasn’t used at all during the Yardbirds era, even though – as said, Clapton claimed that he did own the guitar as early as 1964.
Furthermore, the time period from when Clapton left the Yardbirds and joined John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers in April 1965, is pretty much connected to the usage of the 1960 Gibson Les Paul, which eventually became known as the “Beano Burst”. The ES-335 was nowhere to be seen until years later, which as we’ll find out, was caused by a very simple thing – in recollection of the events, Clapton missed the date of purchase by good four years.
I bought this guitar with the first money I managed to save up playing with the Yardbirds, I bought it brand new from a store on Denmark Street or Charing Cross Road. This guitar was really acceptable on every front. It was a rock guitar, a blues guitar—the real thing. [I choked up as my guitars were sold, Eric Clapton, DailyMail.co.uk]
Though the Yardbirds weren’t yet in the big-money league, we were making enough for me to buy my first really serious guitar, a cherry red Gibson ES-335, the instrument of my dreams, of which the Kay had been but a poor imitation. Throughout my life I chose a lot of my guitars because of the other people who played them, and this was like the one Freddy King played. When I finally bought the Gibson, I just couldn’t believe how shiny and beautiful it was. At last, I felt like a real musician. [Clapton: The Autobiography; p.105]
The 1964 Date of Purchase Disputed
According to Jerry Donahue, who was interviewed by Tony Bacon, and who worked at the Selmer store in Charing Cross Road, Clapton purchased the guitar from him in November 1968.
I sold Eric his red Gibson 335 not more than two weeks before his final performance with Cream at the Albert Hall, it was one of my main highlights of working at Selmer’s. We had a nice conversation during the process, and just as we were wrapping it up, Eric mentioned the upcoming shows in a manner that felt as though he was about to offer me a complimentary ticket or two. But I told him I’d already bought tickets, and he seemed pleased. You can imagine my amazement and joy later as I sat watching Cream come on to the Albert Hall stage, Eric with the 335 strapped on. He played that guitar for the entire evening. I was filled with pride. [The Gibson 335 Guitar Book, Tony Bacon]
To comment on this – based on photographic evidence, Eric did indeed use the ES-335 on Cream’s final farewell concert at the Royal Albert Hall, which confirms Jerry’s story. Furthermore, the guitar was seen during the rehearsal publicity shots (footage of him wearing a black leather jacket), and during the second set of the show (the Gibson Firebird was used during the first part), but was not seen at all during the US Cream Farewell tour between October 4th and November 4th, 1968. This goes along with what Jerry said – that Eric purchased it just weeks before the final gig.
So it seems that although Eric remembers buying the Gibson somewhat vividly, and recalls how much it meant for him to finally own a serious piece of equipment, he got the dates wrong. It does seem weird that Eric would call the ES-335 the “first really serious guitar”, because by 1968 when he purchased the instrument, he had already gone through at least three different Les Pauls, at least one Stratocaster, a Telecaster, and played the soul out of his 1964 Gibson SG Standard ”The Fool”. But what’s even more interesting, he even had the opportunity to use an ES-335, but for some reason decided not to.
To explain the story behind this, Chris Dreja who played rhythm guitar in the Yardbird with Clapton, was on occasions seen using a Gibson ES-335 with block inlays – a guitar that looked identical to Clapton’s own ES-335. Tony Bacon, who wrote The Gibson 335 Guitar Book, claims that this guitar, as well as a different ES-335 with dot inlays that Dreja was seen using closer to Clapton’s departure from the band, were both owned by the band and had nothing to do with Eric’s ES-335.
But nonetheless, it again seems weird that Eric remembers buying the ES-335 early on in 1964 and recalls it being the first really serious guitar, and yet it seems that he had a chance to use one even before he actually purchased an ES-335 for himself. All through Yardbirds, he used a 1963 Fender Telecaster extensively and apparently left the “the instrument of his dreams” to be used by Dreja.
Perhaps there more to this story than meets the eye, but it seems that Eric simply just made an error in his statement, and understandably, forgot a few details. It’s like they say – if you remember the 1960s, you definitely weren’t there.
ES-335 with the Cream
As far as the studio usage with Cream, the guitar was likely featured on the Goodbye album. According to the info on the Christie’s website (auction house through which Eric sold the guitar in 2004), Clapton used this guitar to cut “Badge” and other tracks at IBC Studios in London in December 1968 [1964 Gibson ES-335TDC – Christie’s Crossroads Guitar Auction].
ES-335 with the Blind Faith
The guitar re-appeared and was seen again on the photos taken at Eric house during the Blind Faith rehearsals sometime in mid-1969 – one of which ended up being featured on the cover of the band’s only album – Blind Faith released in 1969. From then on, it was presumably used as a backup on the tour, and it can be seen on the band’s last show played at Honolulu’s International Center Arena on August 24th, 1969.
1970s and Beyond
The guitar was likely used on the No Reason To Cry album to some extent, based on the photos taken at the Shangri La Studio in the spring of 1976. [Musician Eric Clapton records ‘No Reason To Cry’ at Shangri La recording studio on November 21,1976]. According to the Christie’s auction house, the ES-335 was also used on Eric’s 1989 cover of Ray Charles’ Hard Times released on the Journeyman album (original source needed).
During all these years, however, and all the way until 1994, the ES-335 remained unseen on stage. This changed with the Nothing But Blues Tour during which Clapton played the guitar on the covers of Freddy King’s ‘Someday After A While’, ‘I’m Tore Down’ and ‘Have You Ever Loved A Woman’. The guitar was seen on October 13, 1994 [Eric Clapton Nothing But The Blues Tour. Performing at the Hartford Civic Center 13 October 1994; James R Anderson], as well as on November 8th and 9th, 1994 at the Fillmore West (footage of which is available in the documentary film of the Nothing But Blues Tour, directed by Martin Scorsese).
Clapton continued using the ES-335 throughout 1995 and during this time it can be seen on various TV shows, most notably the VH-1 Duets with Dr. John at Roseland on May 9, 1996, and Jools Holland show on December 31, 1995. The guitar was last seen during Prince’s Trust concert in London’s Hyde Park on June 29, 1996, later released on DVD as Eric Clapton – Live in Hyde Park.
Clapton’s ES-335 on Auction
In 2004 this guitar was sold as part of the Crossroads Guitar Auction which featured a great number of Eric’s instruments. This was the second large auction organized by Clapton in order to raise money for his Antigua drug and alcohol rehabilitation center Crossroads – first one taking place in 1999 (Brownie being one of the guitars sold at that date). The ES-335 ended up being sold to Guitar Center, the world’s largest chain of musical instrument retailers, for $847,500 [GIBSON 1964, ES-335 TDC – Christie’s]
Guitar Center staff was kind enough to provide a photo of the guitar at its current state. For larger (2MB) high-resolution version click on the photo.