Eric Clapton’s 1964 Gibson ES-335TDC
According to Eric, he acquired this guitar sometime in 1964. However, according to the photographic evidence, and based on the info from Eric himself, the guitar wasn’t used almost at all (more on this later) during the Yardbirds era, even though – as said, Clapton claimed that he did own the guitar as early as 1964.
Date of Purchase Theories
The first theory is largely based on Eric’s claim that he purchased the guitar while playing with the Yardbirds. As noted in the opening paragraph, this places the date of purchase sometime in 1964.
I bought this guitar with the first money I managed to save up playing with the Yardbirds, I bought it brand new from a store on Denmark Street or Charing Cross Road. This guitar was really acceptable on every front. It was a rock guitar, a blues guitar—the real thing.I choked up as my guitars were sold, Eric Clapton, DailyMail.co.uk
Though the Yardbirds weren’t yet in the big-money league, we were making enough for me to buy my first really serious guitar, a cherry red Gibson ES-335, the instrument of my dreams, of which the Kay had been but a poor imitation. Throughout my life, I chose a lot of my guitars because of the other people who played them, and this was like the one Freddy King played. When I finally bought the Gibson, I just couldn’t believe how shiny and beautiful it was. At last, I felt like a real musician.Clapton: The Autobiography; p.105
To add to this, there is one photo in existence of Eric playing a black inlay ES-335, that seems to date to the late Yardbirds era (see Eric with a Gibson ES-335). All the photos prior to this one, showing Eric playing an ES-335, are confirmed to be that of Chris Dreja’s guitar (more on this below).
If this photo could somehow with certainty be correctly dated, and if we could with certainty say that this is indeed that same guitar that Eric used later on with Cream, that would be the end of all theorizing. Of course, that’s easier said than done.
The second theory is based on the recollection of people involved in the sale of the guitar. According to Jerry Donahue, who was interviewed by Tony Bacon, and who worked at the Selmer store in Charing Cross Road, Clapton purchased the guitar from him in November 1968.
I sold Eric his red Gibson 335 not more than two weeks before his final performance with Cream at the Albert Hall, it was one of my main highlights of working at Selmer’s. We had a nice conversation during the process, and just as we were wrapping it up, Eric mentioned the upcoming shows in a manner that felt as though he was about to offer me a complimentary ticket or two. But I told him I’d already bought tickets, and he seemed pleased.
You can imagine my amazement and joy later as I sat watching Cream come on to the Albert Hall stage, Eric with the 335 strapped on. He played that guitar for the entire evening. I was filled with pride.The Gibson 335 Guitar Book, Tony Bacon
To comment on this – based on photographic evidence, Eric did indeed use the ES-335 on Cream’s final farewell concert at the Royal Albert Hall, which confirms Jerry’s story. Furthermore, the guitar was seen during the rehearsal publicity shots (footage of Clapton wearing a black leather jacket), and during the second set of the show (the Gibson Firebird was used during the first part), but was not seen at all during the US Cream Farewell tour between October 4th and November 4th, 1968. This goes along with what Jerry said – that Eric purchased it just weeks before the final gig.
Furthermore, around mid-1966, Clapton’s main guitar at the time, a Gibson Les Paul (Beano-Burst) was stolen, and Eric stated in an interview that he had no other guitars, and had to borrow them from other people.
Someone stole in at the rehearsal room. I wouldn’t have sold it. It was worth about £400 for me. It was the only one I had and the one I always played. I’m borrowing guitars now. I’d like to get another Les Paul, there are only about six or seven in the country. I might get a Rickenbacker.
Someone (also) stole the case at Klook’s Kleek last week. That takes a lot of doung, to walk out of Klooks with my guitar case. Whoever took the guitar must have come back for the case.Record Mirror, August 13, 1966, Page 07
Depending on how you read the interview, it could be that he had to borrow a Les Paul specifically, as no other guitar could do the job. You could also read it as he had no other guitar whatsoever, therefore he was also thinking of buying a Rickenbacker.
In any case, it seems like if he indeed had the ES-335 at that time (1966), he would at least mention it, or use it a few times.
Overall, this interview, coupled with Jerry Donahue’s recollection, makes this second theory far more likely than the first one. But before going any further, let’s clear the subject of Chris Dreja’s ES-335s.
Chris Dreja’s ES-335(s)
Chris Dreja, who played rhythm guitar in the Yardbird with Clapton, was on occasions seen using a Gibson ES-335 with block inlays – a guitar that looked identical to Clapton’s own ES-335.
Tony Bacon, who wrote The Gibson 335 Guitar Book, claims that this guitar, as well as a different ES-335 with dot inlays that Dreja was seen using closer to Clapton’s departure from the band, were both owned by the band and had nothing to do with Eric’s ES-335.
Based on photos from around the Yardbirds era, Tony’s statement seems to be correct. Chris is seen playing a block inlay early on, and a dot inlay after that. Furthermore, Eric himself is seen using Chris’ second ES-335 around January 1965 (photo below), which confirms that he occasionally borrowed guitar(s) from Dreja.Embed from Getty Images
Clapton Interviews from before 1968
One thing that could potentially sway people to go along with the first theory is the fact that Clapton was interviewed prior to November 1968, talking about the ES-335.
The main interview worth noting (thanks Ollie for sending it) was published by Guitar World magazine sometime after the Disraeli Gears release (if you happen to know of an exact date, be sure to leave a comment below). In the interview, Clapton is asked what kind of a guitar he used, both at that time and prior to that.
I did pretty well with the Telecaster. Then I had a Gibson ES-335. Then I had a Fender Jazzmaster. Then I had a Fender Jaguar. Then I got another Telecaster. Then I got, I think, my first Les Paul.Guitar World magazine, circa 1968
Based on this quote, and what we know about the first Telecaster, the ES-335 was indeed purchased very early on – around 1964. But – note that Eric said “had” a Gibson ES-335, instead of “purchased” or “got”, which could potentially mean that this guitar was no longer with him. This would, of course, mean that there were actually two ES-335 (however, nothing else seems to point towards this, so it seems unlikely).
Also interesting to note, in another interview from around February-March 1968 (search for ‘Lost Jack Bruce Cream Tapes’) Clapton notes that he prefers using his Gibson SG live, and to keep his Les Paul safe at home. This statement could potentially explain why the ES-335 was almost never seen live prior to 1968. After all, Clapton did say that this was the instrument of his dreams, and it was obviously special to him to some extent.
Perhaps there is more to this story than meets the eye, but it still seems that the first theory is more likely. If Eric ever owned an ES-335 prior to 1968, it could’ve been a completely different guitar.
ES-335 with the Cream
As far as the studio usage with Cream, the guitar was likely featured on the Goodbye album. According to the info on the Christie’s website (auction house through which Eric sold the guitar in 2004), Clapton used this guitar to cut “Badge” and other tracks at IBC Studios in London in December 1968 [1964 Gibson ES-335TDC – Christie’s Crossroads Guitar Auction].
ES-335 with the Blind Faith
The guitar re-appeared and was seen again on the photos taken at Eric’s house during the Blind Faith rehearsals sometime in mid-1969 – one of which ended up being featured on the cover of the band’s only album – Blind Faith released in 1969. From then on, it was presumably used as a backup on the tour, and it can be seen on the band’s last show played at Honolulu’s International Center Arena on August 24th, 1969.
The 1970s and Beyond
The guitar was likely used on the No Reason To Cry album to some extent, based on the photos taken at the Shangri La Studio in the spring of 1976. [Musician Eric Clapton records ‘No Reason To Cry’ at Shangri La recording studio on November 21,1976]. According to the Christie’s auction house, the ES-335 was also used on Eric’s 1989 cover of Ray Charles’ Hard Times released on the Journeyman album (original source needed).
During all these years, however, and all the way until 1994, the ES-335 remained unseen on stage. This changed with the Nothing But Blues Tour during which Clapton played the guitar on the covers of Freddy King’s Someday After A While, I’m Tore Down, and Have You Ever Loved A Woman. The guitar was seen on October 13, 1994 [Eric Clapton Nothing But The Blues Tour. Performing at the Hartford Civic Center 13 October 1994; James R Anderson], as well as on November 8th and 9th, 1994 at the Fillmore West (footage of which is available in the documentary film Nothing But Blues Tour, directed by Martin Scorsese).
Clapton continued using the ES-335 throughout 1995 and during this time it can be seen on various TV shows, most notably the VH-1 Duets with Dr. John at Roseland on May 9, 1996, and Jools Holland show on December 31, 1995. The guitar was last seen during Prince’s Trust concert in London’s Hyde Park on June 29, 1996, later released on DVD as Eric Clapton – Live in Hyde Park.
Clapton’s ES-335 on Auction
In 2004 this guitar was sold as part of the Crossroads Guitar Auction which featured a great number of Eric’s instruments. This was the second large auction organized by Clapton in order to raise money for his Antigua drug and alcohol rehabilitation center Crossroads – the first one taking place in 1999 (Brownie being one of the guitars sold at that date). The ES-335 ended up being sold to Guitar Center, the world’s largest chain of musical instrument retailers, for $847,500 [GIBSON 1964, ES-335 TDC – Christie’s]
Guitar Center staff was kind enough to provide a photo of the guitar in its current state. For a larger (2MB) high-resolution version, click on the photo.
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