Eric Clapton’s 1950s Fender Stratocaster “Blackie”

Eric assembled this guitar in 1970 using parts from four different 1950s Stratocasters that he bought from George Gruhn, and from additional parts that were purchased at the Sho-Bud guitar shop in Nashville.

Eric Clapton first visited my shop in 1970 when Derek & the Dominos performed on The Johnny Cash Show. He assembled his famous “Blackie” Stratocaster using components from the four Stratocasters he bought from me and parts he purchased from Sho-Bud Guitars around the corner from my shop the same day.

Eric Clapton Collection Gruhn Guitars
Eric Clapton - Swing Auditorium, San Bernardino, CA There's One In Every Crowd Tour Aug. 15, 1975. Photo by ultomatt/Flickr
Eric Clapton – Swing Auditorium, San Bernardino, CA – There’s One In Every Crowd Tour – Aug. 15, 1975. Photo by ultomatt/Flickr

Some sources claim that the guitar was put together in Nashville by Ted Newman Jones, but Clapton has stated that he carried the guitars back to England before disassembly.

The guitar I chose to use for my return to recording was one I had built myself, a black Fender Stratocaster I had nicknamed “Blackie.” [.. ] I went into Sho-Bud in Nashville, and they had a stack of Strats in the back of the shop. When I got home, I gave one to Steve, one to Pete Townshend, and another to George Harrison, and kept the rest. I then took the other three and made one guitar out of them, using the best components of each.

Clapton: The Autobiography

Blackie’s Parts and Pickups

According to Lee Dickson (Clapton’s guitar tech since 1979), the guitar was assembled using a 1956 body and a 1957 neck. [Eric Clapton’s “Blackie” by Willie G. Moseley – VintageGuitar] The pickups were taken from a third guitar, but unfortunately, there doesn’t seem to be any reliable source stating which exact pickups were used. Based on the info from the Christie’s, all parts originated from the Stratocasters made in 1956 and 1957, which probably also includes the pickups.

Perhaps an interesting detail to mention in regard to this is that sets of pickups based on the Blackie sold nowadays – for example, the Mojotone “Lee Dickson Black-E” Strat Pickup Set (designed by Lee Dickson), have really low output. The Dickson’s set measures 5.53k resistance in the neck and 5.68k in the middle and the bridge pickup, which is lower than what was the norm on the 50s era pickups. [1954 to 1967 Fender Stratocaster Pickup Specs – GuitarHQ]

So just in case, if you’re reading this in order to figure out which pickups to install in your guitar so that it would sound closer to Clapton’s Blackie in the 70s and the 80s, mainly focus on low DC Resistance sets with Alnico V magnets. Fender’s 57/62 Pickup Set is perhaps the closest you’ll find if you’re looking to stay all-Fender, as it measures 5.6k across all three pickups. The best option overall would obviously be Lee Dickson’s set mentioned previously, which is priced somewhat higher but it is, in fact, the best one out there for this purpose.

Blackie becomes the Main Axe

Blackie essentially became Eric’s main go-to guitar by the time he returned back from a two-year hiatus in the early 70s, directly replacing the Brownie – a guitar Clapton had used most famously on Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs in late 1970. The first-ever live appearance of Eric with the guitar was on January 13, 1973, at the Rainbow Concert, organized by Pete Townshend as a comeback concert for Clapton.

Blackie served as both the main recording and the main stage guitar. It was featured extensively on the 1974 album 461 Ocean Boulevard, as well on the There’s One in Every Crowd that followed shortly after.

From then on (based on the info provided with the Christie’s auction) the guitar was used on practically all the subsequent albums up until 1985. This includes studio albums No Reason to Cry (1976), Slowhand (1977), Backless (1978 – the guitar is featured on the cover), Another Ticket (1981), Money and Cigarettes (1983), and lastly – Behind the Sun (1985). The Blackie was also featured on all three of the live album – E. C. Was Here (1975), Just One Night (1980 – Blackie is featured on the cover), and Time Pieces Vol.II Live in the Seventies (1983 – also has Blackie on the cover)

Eric Clapton – Just One Night (1980)

The same goes for live performances. Blackie was used extensively until around 1984 when Eric started using a bunch of new Strats. By 1986, Blackie was gone out of the rotation completely.

Blackie on Auction, Replica by Fender

The guitar was sold through Christie’s in 2004. It was purchased by the Guitar Center for $959,500.

Also, Fender produced various replica models of the Blackie, the most notable being the limited run of 275 guitars made in 2006. These were the exact copies of the Blackie, featuring all the wear (artificially added of course( and precisely replicated hardware. Nowadays, these are mainly collectible pieces and extremely hard to come by. Whenever they do pop up for sale for at least $30,000, which is comparable to a price of an actual vintage 1956 Fender Stratocaster.

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago

Clapton actually Started recording with Stratocasters in 1974. In his auto biography he says his first solo albums were recorded with a Gibson Les Paul. Blackie is not a Stratocaster per see. Its a partscaster with parts from different guitars. The reason changed to recording and playing Stratocasters in 1974 was per pressure according to himself. Everybody was using a Stratocaster and he went along in 1974. Though he had played it a few times around the end of 1970. By 1982 he was fed up with the Stratocaster and signed with a company called Strings and Things.
They even gave out his first signature guitar, a Telecaster type of guitar with a Gibson Les Paul body. Clapton has used the Fender Telecaster to some point on every album from 1963 to 2021 and loves Telecasters. He was in the works of building the most poweful Humbucker guitar ever with Strings and Things.Clapton who always prefered the Gibson sound felt he needed to go back to Humbucker guitars. A year or 2 later Fender offers Clapton the most money ever to get Clapton to sign with Fender. Clapton Answers ” If you can build Me the absolute most powerful Humbucker guitar in the world I sign with Fender ”.
Fender suceeds in building the absolute most powerful Humbucker guitar the world has ever seen. Even today nothing gets close. Thats the guitar Clapton Started to use in early 1986 and became the The Clapton signature Stratocaster in 1988.
With its stacked Humbuckers and incredible 25 DB mid boost its 17 times more poweful than a Gibson Les Paul Humbucker wise. With the boost Off its still more powerful than a Gibson Les Paul. The Clapton signature Stratocaster with the boost Off still has 12 DB mid boost because of the electronics and stacked Humbuckers. A Gibson Les Paul has a Maximum of 12 DB Mid boost. As Humbucker power doubles with 3 DB mid boost the Clapton Signature Stratocaster is about 17 times more powerful than a Gibson Les Paul Humbucker wise at 25 DB mid boost. Clapton States this is as far away from a Stratocaster you can come and does not see it as a Stratocaster despite its name and shape. He States in his auto biography he only used a Stratocaster for 8 to 11 years. From 1974 untill December 1985, with the deduction of the time he was under contract with Strings and Things. Hence the 8 to 11 years.
Quite different from his friend George Harrison who had the Fender Stratocaster as his absolute favourite guitar from 1956 untill he died. George Harrison tried to buy a Stratocaster in 1956 but because of a US embargo there were No Stratocasters in England. He finally got hold of his belowed Fender Stratocaster sometime in 1963. From Then on and for the rest of his life he almost exclusively recorded with the Fender Stratocaster. The reason you did not see the Beatles with Stratocasters on stage or in videos before Brian Epstein died was because Fender tried to bribe The Beatles manager Brian Epstein in 1963. Brian Epstein was furious and forbid the Beatles to use Stratocasters in public.
They accounted that George Harrison owned 350 Fender Stratocasters at his death. Stratocasters he had bought himself as the Beatles had an agreement to not do sponsoring.
George Harrison is considered the biggest fan of the Fender Stratocaster of all musicians.

Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

A pick regarding the abolut most powerful Humbucker guitar in the World : The Clapton Signature Stratocaster. Fender should change name on the guitar not to fool customers.

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

Another pic

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

Another pic

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

Another pic

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

Another pic

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

Another pic

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

Another picture

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Pere
Pere
10 days ago
Reply to  Pere

George Harrison

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Steve Rogers
Steve Rogers
3 years ago

According to my friend Chris Eccleshall, it was he who put the block in Blackie’s vibrato, at his workshop in Ealing. Chris told me that Eric wanted the same mod that Chris had done for Rory Gallagher’s Stratocaster (Chris was Rory’s non-touring tech for many years). Eric didn’t meet Chris himself but sent his roadie round with the guitar.

Haggard
Haggard
3 years ago

Hi, thanks for the great information. I am guessing if Blackie’s first appearance was January 1973, it would have had possibly 1950’s pickups in it.(?) Then I would have to guess Eric was not happy with the pickups and a 1974 set were obtained and put into Blackie. I have heard conflicting information that the pickups were from a 1973 Stratocaster. Most everything I see says they are from a 1974 Stratocaster, which would not have been in production in January 1973 when Blackie made it’s first public appearance.

Cody
Cody
5 years ago

Hi,

Thank you very much for compiling all of this information.

The Gruhn Guitars site has a page where George Gruhn recounts how Eric bought four Stratocasters from him in addition to parts from Sho Bud.

I’m not saying which version is correct. But I wouldn’t be surprised if George’s memory of that period of time was a little more complete than Eric’s. ; )

https://guitars.com/news/eric-clapton-collection-gruhn-guitars