Duane Allman’s Guitars and Gear
Duane is mostly known for playing Gibson Les Paul guitars. His main guitar in the early Allman Brothers Band days was a 1957 Gibson Les Paul Goldtop, which he later exchanged with Stone Balloon’s guitarist Rick Stine for a 1959 cherry Sunburst model. Duane’s only request at the time was that he keeps the pickups from his old Goldtop. In his later years, Duane used a Tobacco burst Les Paul Standard, nicknamed ‘Hot Lanta’, which he acquired through ZZ Top’s Billy Gibbons.
Aside from all the Les Pauls, Duane also played a few Fenders. He had at least four different Stratocasters, most notable being the one from the mid to late 1960s which he played while working as a session guitarist. He also owned at least one Telecaster, which he used while playing with the Allman Joys around 1966, and a 1961 Gibson SG, which was used most famously on “Statesboro Blues”. Duane first electric guitar was also a Gibson – more precisely a Les Paul Jr. finished in red.
As far as acoustic guitars, although Duane was not seen often playing one, it is known that he owned quite a few. The most notable are the 1930s National Duolian and a Dobro Wood-body, which he was most often photographed playing. Also worth mentioning is the 1940s Kalamazoo KGN-12, which Allman was photographed playing in his hotel room in Spartanburg, South Carolina on October 17, 1970, and a 1960s Gibson Heritage which, according to Galadrielle Allman, he bought together with his Les Paul Goldtop and a Marshall amp sometime in early to mid-1969.
Regarding amplification, although Duane experimented with a number of different models, his best-known setup consisted of two 50-watt Marshall bass heads connected with three Y-Cables – which enabled him to use both of the HI-inputs of both the channels of both his Marshalls. On occasions, he was also seen using a Marshall Lead 50w Model 1987 Tremolo in combination with these two. For cabinets, he mostly relied on a Marshall 4×12 loaded with JBL D120F speakers, although occasionally, he did experiment with Cerwin-Vega ER-123 speakers.
As a fun fact, it is worth mentioning that Duane often put the strings through the inside of the stop-bar tailpiece to the outside and wrapped them back over the stop-bar tailpiece, allowing him to damp the strings with the palm of his right hand when playing slide. He was also left-handed but played right-handed, and he usually played without a pick when playing slide.