Duane Allman’s 1957 Gibson Les Paul Goldtop
This was Duane’s main guitar during the first year of the Allman Brothers Band. Duane purchased it in early to mid-1969, most likely from Lipham Music Shop in Gainsville, Florida, – which is the place where he and the rest of the band often got their instruments at that time.
The guitar is first mentioned in a letter featured in Galadrielle’s book [Please Be With Me, p. 182] dated May 16, 1969. The letter was written by Duane as a reply to Holly Barr, Ralph Barr’s wife (Ralph Barr was a guitar player for the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band). In the said letter, Allman mentions buying a Marshall amp, together with a Gibson Les Paul Gold Top and a Gibson Heritage acoustic, but he does not specify the exact date of purchase. Just recently this letter was sold through Bonhams (see cite link below).
Dearest Polly, I got a Les Paul of my very own…Gregg’s here gigging with me and I got about the greatest band I ever did hear together and a Marshall amp and two drummers and I quit taking speed and I have been going swimming nekkid in the creek…The name of the band is the Allman Bros…Duane Allman: A three-page letter and envelope – Bonhams
This Les Paul featured a gold-top finish, two PAF pickups with no covers, no pickguard, and no toggle switch ring (poker chip).
What is presumably the same guitar was also seen with this same configuration but featuring pickup covers. These photos all seem to date to early to mid-1969, or the time period when the guitar was still a new acquisition, meaning that it likely featured pickups with covers when it was acquired. Around May 1969 Duane was pictured with this guitar that did not have covers on the pickups anymore, which means that Duane removed them, or had them removed, or these pickups were completely different pickups.
The guitar was most likely used on Allman Brothers’ debut album released in 1969, and on the album, Idlewild South released in 1970. It was also probably used by Duane during the Layla sessions with Eric Clapton, as he joined Eric at Criteria Studios in August 1970, weeks before he traded the guitar for the ’59 Cherry Burst Les Paul.Embed from Getty Images
There is, of course, the possibility that Duane used his second Goldtop during the Layla sessions since he presumably did have two nearly identical Goldtops at that time (it is possible that the first Goldtop was traded for a Stratocaster by this time). If you happen to come across a photo of Duane taken at the Criteria Studio, which shows which guitar he had with him at the time, please be sure to forward it to us by posting a comment below.
It is however most likely that this was indeed the guitar that was used to write and record Layla. As an interesting side note about recording the song and working with Duane, Eric himself wrote very highly of Allman in his autobiography.
Duane and I became inseparable during the time we were in Florida, and between the two of us, we injected the substance into the Layla sessions that had been missing up to that point. He was like the musical brother I’d never had but wished I did; more so than Jimi, who was essentially a loner, while Duane was a family man, a brother. Unfortunately for me, he already had a family, but I loved it while it lasted. These kinds of experiences don’t happen every day, and I knew enough by then to cherish it while I could.
Having another guitarist made our band come alive, and when Duane went back to playing with the Allman Brothers, we were never really the same again.Clapton: The Autobiography
Duane kept using the guitar as his main from the time he bought it until September 1970. On the 16th the Allman Brothers Band played a gig in Daytona Beach, with the opening band called the Stone Balloon. The guitarist of that band, Rick Stine, played a plain top 1959 cherry burst Les Paul, which Duane admired. He ended up making a deal with Rick and gave him his ’57 Goldtop, $200 in cash, and a 50-watt Marshall head for the burst. The only thing that he kept from the old Goldtop was the PAF pickups.
Duane had a Goldtop he traded for a Sunburst, but he liked the pickups in the Goldtop better, so he and Kim Payne switched the pickups in a motel room in Daytona.Joe Dan Petty: Techin’ It Twice, Vintage Guitar Magazine, November 1996
However, based on the info posted on a Duane Allman fan page on Facebook (also available on DuaneAllman.info) Kim said that he recalls taking the guitars to a guitar shop in Decatur, GA for the switch to be made.
The Pickup Covers Enigma
One thing regarding the story about the pickup swap between the Goldtop and the Rick Stine cherry burst is that the Goldtop had no pickup covers, so it only follows that the cherry burst shouldn’t have them either after the swap took place (in case you’re confused – this guitar served as a donor to a 1959 Gibson Les Paul Standard Cherry Burst that Duane used later on). The cherry-burst Les Paul did, however, feature pickup covers, as seen on the Fillmore East footage, September 23rd, 1970.
One possible theory is that Duane and Rick swapped guitars on the night of September 16th, 1970 at the Daytona Beach, Florida, and then sometime after Kim Payne took the newly acquired cherry burst and Duane’s first Goldtop – a 1950s model which did have pickup covers (more about this guitar here – 1950s Gibson Les Paul Goldtop) – to a guitar shop in Decatur, GA to swap the pickups.
Duane’s Goldtop’s Current Whereabouts
After Duane’s death, the guitar changed a couple of hands before ending up with Scot LaMar who restored the guitar to the original condition, including the original Goldtop finish, now done by Tom Murphy. Scot often loaned the guitar to Warren Haynes, Derek Trucks, Vince Gill, and others for live gigs. The Les Paul however spent most of its time at the Big House Museum in Macon, Georgia, which LaMar agreed is the place it belongs to.
The guitar is where it belongs right now, people need to appreciate it and see it.Duane Allman’s 1957 Les Paul and The Big House Museum
In 2019, the guitar was put on auction by Scot and ended up being sold to a private guitar collector for an alleged $1.25 million [Lot #1:Duane Allman’s Owned and Extensively Played 1957 Goldtop Gibson “Layla” Les Paul Guitar]
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The guitar repair shop in Decatur, GA was owned and operated by Park Hall, the best around in the 60’s & 70’s. I took my guitars to him and anyone else who needed the best Atlanta had back then.
Did Bert Holman work for him before opening Bert’s Guitar Shop? Because he has pictures of Hotlanta when Twiggs had him refret it and inlay Duanes name in the back of it with the Duane played frets. I always wondered if Bert did the work on both guitars.
I can not confirm that but what I can confirm is that I never knew of anyone else working with Park when I knew him. Also Park would talk about many people and I never heard the name of Bert Holman come up.
Bruce Parker I know guitars and member of the Dixie desperados of Gainesville once owned the gold top of Duane Allman for around 9 months he told me I’m his cousin Mike Parker before he passed away he always said he felt bad about all the articles wrote about the gold top and never mentioned his name Bruce Parker, he’s gone now but the fact should have been right I guess he should have spoke up and said something to his good friend Billy Bowers of St Augustine Florida he would know for sure all about the gold top guitar.